cardiac catheterization - hospital
Cardiac catheterization is a procedure in which cardiovascular conditions are diagnosed. During this procedure a long thin tube is used to insert in an artery or vein in groin, neck or arm through your blood vessels to heart.
Using this cardiac catheter, doctors do some of tests to diagnose and treat some cardiovascular diseases. Some heart disease treatments, for example, coronary angioplasty and coronary stenting, are also done during cardiac catheterization.
Generally, patient will be awake during cardiovascular catheterization however some medications can be used to help you relax. Recovery time for a cardiovascular catheterization is usually fast, and there are low risks for complications.
WHY IT’S DONE:
Cardiac catheterization is done to check whether you have a cardiac issue. It should likewise be possible as a component of a strategy to address a known heart issue.
In case you’re having cardiovascular catheterization as a test for coronary disease, your doctor can:
- Find narrowing or blockages in your veins that could cause chest pain (angiogram).
- Measure pressure and oxygen levels in various parts of your heart (hemodynamic assessment).
- Check the pumping capacity of your heart (right or left ventriculogram).
- Take a sample of tissue from your heart (biopsy).
- Diagnose heart defects present from birth (congenital heart defects).
- Look for problems with your heart valves.
Cardiovascular catheterization is also used as a component of certain techniques to treat heart disease. These strategies include:
- Opening a narrowed or blocked artery with the placement of stent.
- Fixing congenital defects and closing holes in the chambers of heart.
- Changing heart valves.
- Treatment of irregular heart rhythms with ablation.
- Balloon vavuloplasty (opening heart valves).
DURING THE PROCEDURE:
Cardiac catheterization is done in a procedure room with special X-Ray and imaging machines. Like an operating room, the cardiovascular catheterization lab is a sterile area.
Cardiovascular catheterization is normally performed while you’re awake but sedated. In any case, certain methods, for example, ablation, valve repair or valve replacement, might be performed while you’re under general anesthesia.
An IV line will be inserted in your hand or arm and will be used to give you any additional medications you may require during your method. You will likewise have monitors (electrodes) placed on your chest to check your heartbeat during the test.
Before the technique, a nurse or specialist may shave the hair from the site where the catheter will be inserted. Before the catheter is inserted in your artery, you’ll be given a shot of a sedative to numb the region. You may feel a quick, stinging pain before the numbness sets in.
After you feel numb, the catheter will be inserted. A little cut is made to get to a vein. A plastic sheath will be inserted in the cut to permit your primary care physician to insert the catheter.
If you are looking for the cardiologist and have any chest pain or discomfort that you experience on daily basis, must visit DFW Physician and Medical Associates. You will get your checkup done by best cardiologists there.