Disruptive, impulse–control and conduct disorders

Impulse- control and conduct disorder is psychiatric disorder which lead to the emotional and behavioral issue specially in children and adults. The individual affected by the disorder behaves aggressively and destructively which becomes harmful for others. The irritation in the behavior disturbs an individual’s social , academic and occupational life. The reasons for the disorder may be due to the social, genetic, environment and psychological factors.

The disorders within disruptive impulse-control and conduct disorder are as under:

  • Conduct Disorder
  • Oppositional defiant disorder
  • Intermittent explosive disorder
  • Pyromania and
  • Kleptomania

Most Common impulse-Control disorders:

Normal Development:

This normally occurs at the age of 2 to 5 and happens in the presence of the parents. It is characterized by screaming and stomping. The child also behaves normally intermittently.

Conduct Disorders:

The normal findings in the conduct disorders have been found to be severe violation of rules. Moreover, the person with the conduct disorder also become aggressive towards people and animals. The criminal behavior also appear in this disorder and it lasts for the 12 months.

Opposition defiant disorder:

This disorder creates a defiant and aggressive behavior towards teachers and parents. The person becomes angry and irritable. This disorder lasts for six months.

Disruptive mood deregulation disorder:

The individuals with the disruptive mood deregulation disorder are often very aggressive and show anger with persistent irritability. This disorder lasts for twelve months.

Intermittent Explosive Disorder

The intermittent explosive disorder happens two times a week and it leads to the destruction of property. The disorder is coupled with the legal and financial consequences. 

 

Diagnostic Criteria:

There are different diagnostic criteria as prescribed in DSM-V for the disorder. These criteria include the following aspects:

  • The person suddenly becomes irritable and outbursts his emotions. His occurs either 2 times a week or 3 time a week.
  • The aggressive behavior of the individual is disproportionate
  • It is necessary that the person is of at least 6 years old in order to perform proper diagnosis
  • The disturbance happening as a consequence of the disruptive disorder lead to the social, occupational and financial difficulties of an individual.

Treatment of Disruptive impulse-control and conduct disorder:

There are different types of the treatments for the disruptive impulse-control and conduct disorder. The brief of the treatments is as under:

  • Cognitive behavioral therapy:

This treatment is very conducive for the disorder. The training leads to the management of the behavior of a child in a school and outside a school. There are no approved FDA drugs for these disorders. Hence training on this case is best suited to adjust the behavior.

  • Using Stimulant Dugs:

In the older children, the stimulant drugs can be used to normalize the behavior. These drugs are useful for maintaining the attitude. They may decrease the aggression in verbal and physical sense.