Schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders
People with schizophrenia spectrum and other psychotic disorders lose contact with the real world and experience a range of extraordinary symptoms that may include hallucinations, delusions, disorganized thinking, or potentially disorganized or unusual behavior (including catatonia). Psychotic disorder include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, brief psychotic disorder, delusional disorder, shared psychotic disorder, substance induced psychotic disorder, and paraphrenia. As per the National Institute of Mental Health, less than 1% of Americans have schizophrenia.
WHAT IS SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM?
Schizophrenia is a complicated illness that is often misunderstood. It is a constant sickness that can be debilitating since individuals with schizophrenia regularly can’t recognize reality and their hallucinations and delusions.
This can bring about poor compliance with treatment including poor compliance with accepting basic and compelling medications as recommended. Schizophrenia frequently first shows up in quite a while in their late teenagers or mid-twenties. Beginning in ladies is ordinarily twenties or mid-thirties. Schizophrenia has strong genetic component and may run in families, however can be adequately treated with medication and therapy.
TYPES OF SCHIZOPHRENIA BASED ON SYMPTOMS:
- Catatonic schizophrenia
- Disorganized schizophrenia/hebephrenic schizophrenia
- Paranoid schizophrenia
- Residual schizophrenia
- Undifferentiated schizophrenia
SCHIZOPHRENIA SPECTRUM DISORDERS:
There are three schizophrenia spectrum disorders:
- SCHIZOAFFECTIVE DISORDER:
Similar to schizophrenia with significant mood episodes (major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder)
- SCHIZOPHRENIFORM DISORDER:
Indistinguishable from schizophrenia, yet the duration of symptoms is less (longer than a month however under a year)
- SCHIZOTYPAL PERSONALITY DISORDER:
Like schizophrenia, however episodes are not frequent, prolonged and extremely intense. People can typically be aware of the difference between their distorted thoughts, experiences and reality.
SYMPTOMS OF SHIZOPHRENIA:
Schizophrenia has a wide form of symptoms, and not all symptoms might be available in all types of schizophrenia. The signs and symptoms of schizophrenia are typically separated into two classes: positive and negative. A third classification of psychological indications is likewise remembered for certain descriptions of the disease. Both positive and negative symptoms are additionally described as motor, behavioral, and mood disturbances.
Cognitive symptoms are the most harmful for the person, as they prevent the person from taking an interest in the working environment or in the public. These include poor ability to absorb and follow up on data (executive functioning), absence of attention, and an inability to use working memory.
BRIEF PSYCHOTIC DISORDER:
Classification utilized when psychotic symptoms come abruptly and just last less than a month.
An individual shows at least one or more delusions for at least a month. This is not the same as schizophrenia, as functioning is not disabled and behavior (other than the delusion) doesn’t seem “odd”. There are a many kinds of delusional disorders including: jealousy, somatic, physical, erotomatic, and mixed. If a person’s delusions do not fit in any category in one of these classifications, or can’t be characterized, the disorder is defined as unspecified delusional disorder.
SHARED PSYCHOTIC DISORDER:
One individual in a relationship has a delusion, and the other individual adopts a same false, fixed belief.
SUBSTANCE INDUCED PSYCHOTIC DISORDER:
Described by hallucinations and delusions because of the direct impacts of a substance, or withdrawal from a substance.
Like schizophrenia, however begins later in life. (Elderly)