Sleep-Wake Disorders

Sleep disorder (or sleep wake disorders) include issues with the quality, timing, and amount of rest, which bring about daytime distress and disability in working. Sleep wake problems frequently happen alongside other medical conditions or other mental health conditions, for example, depression, anxiety, or cognitive problems. There are a few unique kinds of sleep wake problems, of which insomnia is the most widely known. Other sleep wake problems include obstructive sleep apnea, parasomnias, narcolepsy, and restless leg syndrome.

Sleep difficulties are connected to both physical and emotional problems. Sleep issues can both add to and increase mental health conditions and can be a symptom of other mental health conditions.

IMPORTANCE OF SLEEP:

Sleep is an essential human need and is basic to both physical and emotional wellness. There are two kinds of sleep that generally happen in a pattern of three-to-five cycles each night:

  • Rapid eye development (REM) – when most dreaming happens.
  • Non-REM – has three stages, including the deep sleep.

When you sleep is additionally important. Your body regularly works away at a 24-hour cycle (circadian rhythm) that helps you realize when to sleep.

How much sleep we need fluctuates relying upon age and changes from individual to individual. As indicated by the National Sleep Foundation most adults need around seven to nine hours of restful sleep every evening. The Foundation changed its sleep suggestions in 2015 dependent on a rigorous review of the scientific literature.

Many of us don’t get sufficient sleep. Almost 30% of adults get under six hours of sleep every night and just around 30% of high school students get at any rate eight hours of sleep on a n average school night.

 

SLEEP DISORDERS:

Regardless of whether you experience difficulty in sleeping or you’re living with a sleep problem, you can get quality sleep and figure out how to more readily deal with your condition.

  • CENTRAL SLEEP APNEA:

In central sleep apnea, breathing is disturbed consistently during sleep because of the way brain functions.

  • HYPERSOMNIA (DAYTIME SLEEPINESS):

Hypersomnia, or extreme drowsiness, is a condition wherein an individual experiences difficulty remaining wakeful during the day. Individuals who have hypersomnia can fall asleep anywhere during work or while they are driving.

  • PARASOMNIAS:

Parasomnias are disruptive sleep disorders that can happen during the arousals from REM sleep or partial arousal from non-REM sleep. Parasomnias include bad dreams, nightmares, sleepwalking, confusional arousals, and many others.

  • CIRCADIAN RHYTHM SLEEP DISORDERS:

Circadian rhythm disorders are disturbances in an individual’s circadian rhythm – a name given to the “internal body clock” that manages the (around) 24-hour cycle biological processes in animals and plants.

  • NON 24 HOUR SLEEP WAKE DISORDER:

Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Disorder is a particular sort of circadian rhythm disorder that is especially common among blind people.

  • PERIODIC LIMB MOVEMENT DISOREDER:

Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is a sleep disorder described by rhythmic movements of limbs during sleep.

  • SHIFT WORK SLEEP DISORDER:

Shift work sleep disorder is difficulty in sleeping because of the shifts of your work at nights. You may also suffer from this if you stay awake till late night to complete your work.

  • NARCOLEPSY:

Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that influences the control of sleep and wakefulness.