Somatic symptom and related disorders

Somatic symptom disorder includes an individual having a significant focus on physical symptoms, for example, pain, shortness of breath, that outcomes in major distress as well as problem in work. The individual has excessive thoughts, emotions and behaviors related to the physical symptoms.  The physical symptoms could possibly be related with a diagnosed medical condition, yet the individual is having the symptoms and accepts they are sick (that is, not faking the disease).

An individual isn’t diagnosed with somatic symptom disorder solely because the medical cause can’t be recognized for a physical symptom. The emphasis is on the degree to which the thoughts, emotions and behaviors related to a disease are out of proportion and excessive.


At least one or more physical symptoms that are troubling or cause disturbance in day by day life.

Excessive thoughts, emotions or behaviors related with the physical symptoms or health concerns with in any one of the following:

  • Ongoing thoughts that are more and out of proportion with the seriousness of symptoms.
  • Ongoing high level of anxiety about health and symptoms.
  • More time and energy spent on the symptoms or health concerns.

At least one symptom is continually present, despite the fact that there might be various indications and symptoms may come and go.

Individuals with somatic symptom disorder commonly go to a primary healthcare physician rather than to psychiatrist or other mental health professional. Sometimes it gets hard for people with somatic symptom disorders that their thoughts about their symptoms are excessive. They may keep on being worried and fearful even when they are given proof that they don’t have a serious medical condition. Somatic symptom disorder typically starts by age 30.


While many individuals think that the body and the mind as separate, science has shown that the two are firmly connected and that mental and social factors can impact how our bodies work. The body and the mind work together to improve and promote wellbeing —that’s commonly known as the “mind-body connection.”

SSDs may create after a distressing occasion or a significant change in a child’s life. Same is with adults, youngsters and youths can communicate their stress through physical symptoms instead of through feelings or thoughts. A few kids, for example, those who have difficulty putting their emotions into the words or the individuals who associate stigma to mental disease seem to be especially susceptible.

The majority of people experience physical (or somatic) symptoms as a component of regular day to day existence without having a medical disease. For instance, many individuals get a migraine before a distressing event, or experience stomach upset when asked to give a public speech. In youth, stresses can include things like pressure at school, being bullied, sickness of the family member, parent’s separation—or any significant change, positive or negative. Once in a while even fun situations can be upsetting to the body!

In spite of the fact that SSDs are associated with mental pressure, this doesn’t mean that kids are “faking” or having symptoms purposefully. In fact, they may not perceive events in their daily life as distressing or stressful.