Well woman exam

A well woman exam is quite important step for all of women to protect their health by examining them annually. This is a yearly preventive screening of breast and gynecological diseases. During the visit, your primary care physician will examine your health and way of lifestyle behaviors and will perform physical exam of your breast and pelvis.

WHY IS IT IMPORTANT TO HAVE WELL WOMAN EXAM?

The well-woman exam is important on the grounds that women need screening for breast and gynecological cancers and to talk about any preventive and sexually transmitted disease screening. It is additionally a good time for pre pregnancy counseling.

HOW OFTEN YOU SHOULD GO FOR WELL WOMAN EXAM?

Starting at age 21, well-woman exam should be performed yearly. It is suggested that the primary visit should happen in the mid-to late-teens.

DOCTOR WILL ASK YOU ABOUT:

During the well woman exam doctor will ask you about the following:

  • If you do exercise in your daily routine or no.
  • Alcohol consumption.
  • Sexual practices.
  • Menstruation cycle.

WHAT IS CHECKED DURING THE WELL WOMAN EXAM?

Your doctor will check during the exam:

  • Breast exam.
  • Pelvic exam. ( To check for uterine or cervical cancer)
  • Bone density scan or mammogram.
  • Human papilloma virus may be ordered.

MAMMOGRAMS:

A mammogram is a common test to screen for breast malignant growth. Normally mammograms are a key part of early finding and treatment. In case you’re 40 years or more, the American Cancer Society suggests a mammogram every year. Women who are 20 years and older need to have a clinical breast exam every three years.

An OB/GYN specialist or nurse can perform the test. Usually, just the specialist, nurse and medical assistant will be in the room.

WHAT HAPPENS DURING THE GYNAECOLOGICAL EXAM?

The labia and vagina are investigated for inappropriate estrogen effects, leisons or discharge. A speculum, a medical tool for investigating body cavities, is set in the vagina to assess the upper vagina and cervix, and to perform a Pap smear.

Cultures may likewise be obtained to screen for sexually transmitted diseases depending upon age and different conditions. A exam is then performed on the uterus and ovaries.

PHYSICAL EXAM:

The doctor will assess your body which includes the following:

  • Calculation body mass index.
  • Measuring height and weight.
  • Checking your blood pressure.
  • Checking your temperature.
  • Doing physical examination of breast (checking for the lumps in breast or armpits).
  • Pelvic examination.

HEALTH GOALS:

Doctor and nurse will discuss about your health goals to make you healthy. They decide which screenings and tests are right for you. If you have health goals to reduce your weight, doctor will help you out in achieving those goals.

HEALTH HABITS AND HISTORY:

Before the physical exam, doctor will ask you about some general questions about your health which include:

  • Medical and family history.
  • Any surgical history.
  • Physical activity and eating habits.
  • If you use other drugs, alcohol or tobacco.
  • Use of vitamins, minerals or other herbs.
  • Mental health history and depression.